A SATTELITE VIEW OF CLOUD STORAGE DATECENTERS

Where are our cloud data stored? Starting from this omnipresent question coming from any client, here is a personal point of view related to dispersion power of IaaS vendors providers to cover worldwide market, starting from datacenters location around to the Globe.

Less than two months ago Gartner released „Magic Quadrant for Public Cloud Storage Services, Worldwide”,  the most recent evaluation of public cloud storage providers. In this area the trends are very clear: the public cloud storage services market is drive by a quick evolution, being dominated by worldwide scale vendors. Until end of 2016, “60% of global companies will have stored customer-sensitive data in the public cloud, up from than 20% in 2014” according Gartner estimation.

WW Cloud DatacentersIn a very strong competitive media, which could be the evaluation criteria when we are watching to public cloud storage providers? One of easiest way is to look to the offering price, but this is becoming high difficult because we are stepping on the hot battlefield of prices, with spectacular evolution after each strategic movements of key vendors.

Looking to the Gartner’s definition: “Public cloud storage is infrastructure as a service (IaaS) that provides object storage services through a REST API using Internet protocols. The service is stand-alone with no requirement for additional managed services. Vendors supply their core storage services off-premises, and include on-demand, elastic storage capabilities in a self-service model. The service price is based on capacity, data transfer and/or other access requests.”

Which metrics are governing capacity, data transfer and other access issues? These should be related to the access capabilities on the Internet or dedicated network connectivity? Starting from here, and to regional access to storage servers, my curiosity was to put on a Globe map the location of the most important datacenters, as mentioned in the Gartner’s Magic Quadrant survey.

The results are only pictographic and my intention is not related to any hierarchic stratification starting from this. Datacenters location are according Google research and vendor’s public data. Any omission is totally accidental.

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BATALIA TITANILOR CLOUD E ABIA LA INCEPUT

Deși după ani buni de dominare a pieței de soluții cloud, se pare că piața IaaS va fi depășita în curând ca valoare de cea a soluțiilor SaaS, această aparentă detronare nu atrage după sine și o atenuare a importanței pe care serviciile de infrastructură în Cloud le au în peisajul actual al industriei IT. ”Războiul tronurilor din infrastructură”, ”Lupta Titanilor Cloud”, ”Stăpânii inelelor IaaS”  sunt expresii metaforice care reflectă destul de fidel dramatismul și caracteristicile unei piețe deosebit de concurențiale.

1280px-Raffaello,_concilio_degli_dei_02Pentru mulți analiști piața de infrastructură Cloud reprezintă starea Cloudului însuși. Deși piața serviciilor SaaS e mult mai dinamică, aici toată lumea merge în același sens, pentru că toți furnizorii de software, veterani și startup-uri laolaltă, au aceeași strategie bazată în primul rând pe migrarea în Cloud a aplicațiilor cu licențiere perpetuă. Prea puțini jucători SaaS au o viziune bazată în totalitate pe pariul Cloud.

De ce e mai interesantă piața IaaS? Pentru că lucrurile sunt mai dramatice și mai spectaculoase. Aici asistăm la o bătălie a titanilor pe mai multe fronturi, complicată de faptul că jucătorii vin din diverse zone IT tradiționale, precum infrastructura hardware, soluțiile de stocare și rețea, comunicațiile sau serviciile de externalizare și hosting. Bătălia pentru supremația serviciilor de infrastructură i-a adus pe toți furnizorii în aceeași barcă.

Piață IaaS este evaluată de Gartner la 16,5 miliarde de dolari în 2015, cu o creștere de 32,8% față de anul trecut și o rată medie anuală de creștere de 29,1%, estimată până în 2019. Într-un studiu Synergy din februarie 2015 care a analizat piețele IaaS și PaaS pentru Cloud privat și hibrid, imperiul deținut de Amazon Web Services reprezintă cam 28%, în comparație cu marjele de 10% deținute de soluțiile Microsoft, 7% IBM, 5% Google, 4% Salesforce și 3% Rackspace. În timp ce Microsoft și Google se evidențiază prin cea mai mare rată anuală de creștere de 96%, respectiv 88%, Amazon și IBM vin cu creșteri de 51% și 48%. Conform Goldman Sachs, ”bătălia titanilor Cloud e abia la început”, creșterea piețelor IaaS și PaaS fiind de peste 30% pe an în perioada 2013 – 2018, față de 5% cât reprezintă creșterea medie a pieței IT, iar Amazon deține 26% din piața cumulată IaaS și PaaS în ultimele 12 luni.

Cam o data la un an Gartner realizează o analiză completă a pieței de servicii de infrastructură Cloud prin studiul Magic Quadrant dedicat furnizorilor IaaS, o adevărată referință pentru evoluția marilor jucători de pe această piață. Conform Gartner, 2014 a fost un an de cotitură pentru mulți dintre furnizorii de servicii IaaS, care sunt nevoiți să își schimbe radical strategia și să se gândească la noi platforme de servicii pentru o piață din ce în ce mai consolidată. Dintre cei 15 furnizori IaaS prezenți în ediția 2015 a studiului Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure as a Service, Worldwide,” câțiva furnizori globali precum Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure și Google Compute Engine care dețin cele mai mari cote din piața IaaS.

Pentru mai multe amănunte citiți articolul Bătălia pentru infrastructura cloud”, publicat în ediția online a revistei IT Trends, 15 Iunie 2015.

Pentru a vedea cum se poziționează fiecare dintre furnizorii IaaS în cele patru careuri magice și care sunt soluțiile analizate de Gartner, vă invit să citiți articolul dedicat din Cloud☁mania: ”Gartner IaaS Magic Qadrant 2015 – What’s new on a Cloud infrastructure market without challenger vendors”, Mai 2015.

Iar dacă vreți să aflați mai multe despre piața IaaS, definiții, evoluție, clasificări, concepte tehnologice, vă invit să parcurgeți cea de-a doua ediție a catalogului Cloud Computing dedicată soluțiilor IaaS și publicată acum un an – CATALOGUL CLOUD COMPUTING ROMANIA – Editia a II-a, IaaS, Iunie 2014.

Image source: Raffaello –”Concilio degli dei”, Wikipedia.org

 

 

GARTNER IaaS MAGIC QUADRANT 2013

Gartner just released the 2013 update of his traditionally Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service. Here are some consideration about the evaluation methodology and MQ players. 

In the context of this Magic Quadrant, IaaS is defined by Gartner as “a standardized, highly automated offering, where compute resources, complemented by storage and networking capabilities, are owned by a service provider and offered to the customer on demand. The resources are scalable and elastic in near-real-time, and metered by use. Self-service interfaces are exposed directly to the customer, including a Web-based UI and API optionally. The resources may be single-tenant or multitenant, and hosted by the service provider or on-premises in the customer’s datacentre.”

Gartner MQTo be included in Magic Quadrant IaaS providers should target enterprise and midmarket customers, offering high-quality services, with excellent availability, good performance, high security and good customer support. For each IaaS provider included in MQ Gartner is offering deep description related to services offer like: datacentre locations, computing issues, storage & network features, special notes, and recommended users. Also deep comments about Strengths & Caution in Cloud adoption are offered for each IaaS provider, despite the MQ positioning.

Gartner Magic Quadrant for IaaS is a more than eloquent picture of actual status of IaaS major players. IaaS market momentum is strongly dominated by Amazon Web Services both Vision and Execution essentially directions. According Garner analysts, AWS is a clear leader, with more than five times the compute capacity in use than the aggregate total of the other fourteen providers included in MQ. AWS is appreciated for “innovative, exceptionally agile and very responsive to the market and the richest IaaS product portfolio”.

The Leaders Quadrant is positioning CSC as second player, a traditional IT outsourcer with a broad range of datacentre outsourcing capabilities. CSC is appreciated for his commitment to embrace the highly standardized cloud model, and his solid platform attractive to traditional IT operations organizations that still want to retain control, but need to offer greater agility to the business

The Challengers Quadrant is including Verizon Terremark – the market share leader in VMware-virtualized public cloud IaaS, Dimension Data – a large SI and VAR entering in the cloud IaaS market through the 2011 acquisition of OpSource, and Savvis – a CenturyLink company with a long track record of leadership in the hosting market.

Big surprise for Visionaries Quadrant is the comfortable positioning of Microsoft with his Windows Azure platform.  Previously strictly PaaS, Azure is becoming IaaS also in April 2013 when Microsoft launched Windows Azure Infrastructure Services which include Virtual Machines and Virtual Networks.  Microsoft place in Visionary Quadrant is motivated by Gartner by the global vision of infrastructure and platform services “that are not only leading stand-alone offerings, but also seamlessly extend and interoperate with on-premises Microsoft infrastructure (rooted in Hyper-V, Windows Server, Active Directory and System Center) and applications, as well as Microsoft’s SaaS offerings.”  

Between the IaaS providers from the Niche Players Quadrant, we have to note the presence of heawy playes triade: IBM, HP, and Fujitsu. Gartner appreciate IBM for his wide range of cloud-related products and services, IaaS MQ analyse including only cloud offering from SmartCloud Enterprise (SCE) and cloud-enabled infrastructure service IBM SmartCloud Enterprise+. In the same way, from HP’s range of cloud-related products and services Gartner is considered only HP Public Cloud and some cloud-enabled infrastructure services, such HP Enterprise Services Virtual Private Cloud. Fujitsu is one of the few non-American cloud providers, being appreciated by Gartner for the large cloud IaaS offerings, including the Fujitsu Cloud IaaS Trusted Public S5 (formerly the Fujitsu Global Cloud Platform), multiple regional offerings based on a global reference architecture (Fujitsu Cloud IaaS Private Hosted, formerly known as Fujitsu Local Cloud Platform), and multiple private cloud offerings, especially in Asia-Pacific area and Europe.

Speaking about non-America regions we should observe that significant European-based providers like CloudSigma, Colt, Gigas, Orange Business Services, OVH and Skyscape Cloud Services was not included in this Magic Quadrant. The same for Asia/Pacific region with major players like Datapipe, NTT and Tata Communications.

Gartner considered also two offerings that are currently in beta stage, and therefore could not be included in this evaluation, but could be considered as prospective players of next MQ edition: Google Compute Engine (GCE)a model similar to Amazon EC2’s, and VMware vCloud Hybrid Service (vCHS) – a full-featured offering with more functionality than vCloud Datacenter Service.

Sources: Gartner public Web pages & Blogs, Cloud Computing Groups Discussions.

 

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